Jewelry with Diamonds | Italian Talent

Eternal light, millennial history

Eternal light, millennial history

A diamond is forever


Diamond is composed of a single chemical element, the carbon crystal.
Because of its compact atomic structure, the colouring elements that give other gems their colour cannot penetrate, but coloured specimens do exist. It is boron, hydrogen, nitrogen, as well as imperfections in the crystal structure (colour centres) that cause the colour of Fancy Diamonds.


Diamonds are the protagonists of mythical and esoteric traditions:
the philosophers of ancient Greece believed that Diamonds were inhabited by otherworldly spirits; the ancient Romans considered them to be the tears of the gods or splinters of stars that fell to Earth, while for the Hindus a Diamond was generated by the collision of lightning on a rock.

According to Jewish tradition, a Diamond placed in front of a guilty person would darken, while placed in front of an innocent person it would acquire lustre.
Throughout the Middle Ages and up to the Renaissance, Diamonds were attributed a whole variety of esoteric powers against the adversities of life, including instilling bravery, courage, invincibility, strength and virtue, as well as chasing away nightmares, banishing evil spirits, appeasing ferocious beasts and even protecting the home from lightning.
Despite an ancient decree (1214 - 1270) by Louis IX of France that had reserved the exclusive use of Diamonds for royalty, by the 15th century these gems had embarked on a slow journey from the monarchy to the masses.

The 4Cs

Every diamond has certain distinctive characteristics, just like a fingerprint.
The 4Cs (colour, clarity, cut and carat weight) are the globally accepted standards for assessing the quality of a diamond.

The diamond cut

Cut is the most important factor in the 4Cs and indicates the way a diamond's facets react to light.
It is determined by symmetry, proportion and polish. Cut determines the beauty of a gemstone more than any other factor

In short, the cut is responsible for the quality of a diamond's sparkle.
If a diamond is badly cut, it will appear dull even if it has a high degree of colour and clarity.
If a diamond is cut well, it reflects and refracts light, bringing out the maximum brilliance and sparkle.

The purity of the diamond

Diamond clarity is a parameter used to assess the clarity and rarity of a gemstone, based on the visibility of these characteristics at 10-fold magnification.
A gemstone is considered to be free of imperfections if, at 10-fold magnification, neither inclusions (internal defects) nor defects (external imperfections) are visible.

The colour of the diamond

Colour refers to the natural hue of colourless diamonds. In nature, most colourless diamonds have a slight yellow hue.
The more 'colourless' a diamond is, the rarer it is.
According to industry standards, each diamond is graded according to a precise reference scale and given a colour grade on a scale from 'D' (colourless) to 'Z' (light yellow).

The Karati weight of diamonds

Carat weight can vary depending on the shape of a diamond, including brilliant, princess, oval, cushion, marquise, emerald and radiant or heart cut.
A diamond may have a higher carat weight without appearing larger, while the size of two diamonds of the same carat weight may vary if one of them is cut larger.
In other words, it is important to note that carat weight does not necessarily indicate size.

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